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Phone: (916) 386-2665
Fax: (916) 381-4006
Biological supplies, FOSS and STC refill kits, Owl Pellets, life science and biology supplies. Wednesday, December 13, 2017
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Live Invertebrates >> Arthropods-Insects >> Bess Beetles


Bess Beetles

Bess BeetlesThe bess beetles or bessbugs are a family Passalidae of beetles. Nearly all of the 500-odd species are tropical; species found in North America are notable for their size, ranging from 20-43 mm, for having a single "horn" on the head, and for a form of social behavior unusual among beetles.

Bodies elongate-cylindrical and black overall; ventral surfaces may be covered with yellow setae. The head is narrower than the thorax, with antennae consisting of 10 antennomeres with a three-segment club. The elytra are elongate with parallel sides, and heavily striated.

They are subsocial (brood caring) beetles living in groups in rotting logs. They care for their young by preparing food for them and helping the larvae construct the pupal case. Both adults and larvae must consume adult feces which have been further digested by microflora for a time; an arrangement that might be described as a sort of external rumen.

In addition, they are also able to produce fourteen acoustical signals, more than many vertebrates. Adults produce the sounds by rubbing the upper surface of the abdomen against the hind wings. The larvae produce the sounds by rubbing the third leg against a striated area on the coxa of the second leg.

Seasonal (please call for availability)

Description Price SelectQuantity
Bess Beetles - Each $ 3.50
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Niles Biological, Inc.
9298 Elder Creek Road
Sacramento, CA 95829
(916) 386-2665